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SCIENCE

WHO Gives Maximum Marks to India’s Vaccination System

WHO, in its assessment of the status of the Indian vaccine regulatory system against WHO NRA Global Benchmarking Tool (GBT) for benchmarking found  Indian NRA as ‘functional’ with a maturity level of 4 or the highest level in respect of 5 functions, and maturity level 3 in respect of 4 functions. While, maturity level 4 indicates good results and sustained ...

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PSLV-C37 Launches 104 Satellites in One Flight, Sets New Record

In its 39th flight PSLV-C37, ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle successfully launched the 714 kg Cartosat-2 Series Satellite and 103 other satellites on Wednesday morning, February 15, 2017, at 9:28 am from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota. This is the 38th consecutively successful mission of PSLV, which weighed 1,378 kg, that lifted off from the First Launch Pad. Within ...

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China, India Behind 50% of Global Deaths Due to Air Pollution: Study

Representational Picture: The Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change (Independent Charge),Mr. Prakash Javadekar addressing the inaugural session of a workshop of Pollution Control Boards of States, in New Delhi on May 18, 2016. (PIB Photo)

China and India together contributed for more than half of the total global deaths due to air pollution in 2015, said a study by the U.S.-based Health Effects Institute (HEI). The report showed that air pollution caused more than 4.2 million deaths in 2015, making it the fifth highest cause of death. But just two countries – India and China ...

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Indian American Student Finds Simpler Solution to World Water Problem

desalination

Indian American student Chaitanya Karamchedu’s project has potential to revolutionize the method to purify salt water into safe drinkable fresh water and no wonder, many firms are vying for its commercial use. Chaitanya from Portland, Oregon in the US, is a senior student at Jesuit High Schoo, has hit upon the idea more scientifically. “Sea water is not fully saturated with ...

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TeamIndus Among 5 Finalists for Google XPRIZE to Land Rover on Moon

TeamIndus rover

XPRIZE and Google have announced that five finalists including India’s TeamIndus will be launching their verified moon vehicles to vie for $30 million lunar prize in the competition to land an unmanned spacecraft on the surface of the Moon. The duo have also announced that a $1 million Diversity Prize will be split among 16 Google Lunar XPRIZE teams, to ...

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Test Firing of Guided PINAKA Successful Again

PINAKA missile of India

India’s missile manufacturing facility DRDO successfully test fired the Guided PINAKA from Launch Complex-III, ITR, Chandipur today (Jan 21, 2017) at 12:45 PM for further enhanced range, making it useful with more accuracy now. PINAKA Rocket Mark-II, equipped with navigation, guidance and control kit, is transformed to a Guided PINAKA to enhance the range and improve the accuracy. The Radars, ...

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Cabinet Approves Ratification of 2nd Period of Kyoto Protocol

climate change

The government of India has officially approved to ratify the Second Commitment Period of the Kyoto Protocol on containing the emission of Green House Gases (GHGs), becoming the 65th country to ratify the second commitment period of the Protocol that was adopted in 2012. Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by India is believed to encourage other developing countries also to undertake ...

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ISRO to Explore Space With Japan Agency JAXA

ISRO

The Indian Cabinet has been apprised of the MoU signed between the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) for cooperation in the field of outer space exploration, which was signed on November 11, 2016 during PM Narendra Modi’s visit to Tokyo. The MoU seeks to pursue future cooperation in outer space exploration activities and ...

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Death of Delhi-Returned US Woman with High Resistant Bacterial Infection Evokes Concern

An American woman who returned from New Delhi after she was allegedly infected by a superbug finally succumbed to the highly resistant bacterial infection called Klebsiella Pneumoniae that was found to have resisted 14 known anti-bacterial drugs on her during the treatment. Irony was that a treatment called fosfomycin, approved in Europe, was not approved in the US still. The ...

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Gondwanaland Never Isolated for 30 Million Years: New Study

Gondwana

Gondwana land or Indian subcontinent that remained isolated for 30 million years before thrusting itself north to give rise to Himalayas — is not a theory in tact but there are some missing middle in it, showed a research by a group of researchers from Germany, Poland and India. Based on tiny insect fossils near Surat, which are similar to ...

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India has Nobel Potential But Lacks Nurturing Scientists

India Nobel Series

India has a great potential to be a scientific power and should invest more in basic and fundamental researches, said several Nobel laureates who spoke to a huge gathering of scientists, students and general public as a part of the first Nobel Prize Series being held in Ahmedabad in conjunction with the biennial summit of Vibrant Gujarat on Tuesday. The ...

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India to be in Top 3 Nations in Science by 2030: PM Modi

india science

Addressing scientists in the holy city of Tirupati, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the rapid global rise of Cyber-Physical Systems has the potential to pose unprecedented challenges and the science community should be prepared to face it. The 104th session of The Indian Science Congress was opened on Tuesday in the campus of Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati on Tuesday focusing ...

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Indian Cabinet Approves International Solar Alliance

The Indian Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its ex-post facto approval to the proposal of Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) for ratification of ISA’s Framework Agreement by India. ISA was launched jointly by the Prime Minister of India and the President of France on 30th November, 2015 at Paris on the side-lines of the ...

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Future Spacecraft Material Found, Resists 4,000 Degrees Celsius

Paving the path for future space missions to withstand atmospheric escape and re-entry hurdles, scientists from Imperial College London in the UK discovered that the metal hafnium carbide has a melting point that is the highest ever recorded that can withstand temperatures of nearly 4,000 degrees Celsius. This can prove a path-breaking discovery to manufacture future spacecraft with the heat ...

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Trial Results Show Ebola Vaccine Developed by Merck is Working: WHO

The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that an experimental Ebola vaccine has been found to be highly protective against the deadly virus in a major trial in Guinea. WHO said that an international vaccine-focussed organization, GAVI, provided $5 million to Merck, and the medical firm committed to ensure that 300,000 doses of the vaccine are available for emergency use ...

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India attains 4th position in global wind power

A capacity addition of 14.30 GW of renewable energy has been reported during the last two and half years under Grid Connected Renewable Power, which include 5.8 GW from Solar Power, 7.04 GW from Wind Power, 0.53 from Small Hydro Power and 0.93 from Bio-power.  As of 31st October, 2016, Solar Energy Projects with an aggregate capacity of over 8727.62 ...

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India, US Launch New Clean Energy Joint Initiative

Union power minister Piyush Goyal and US Ambassador Richard Verma launched on Friday a new joint venture of US-India Clean Energy Finance (USICEF) Initiative which would help in unlocking OPIC financing and mobilize public and private capital to expand access to distributed clean energy projects. Letter of Intents were signed and exchanged between MNRE and OPIC in presence of Piyush ...

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India to Get Germany’s Aid Worth Euro 1 billion for ‘Green Energy Corridors’

Union Minister for State for Power, Coal, New & Renewable Energy and Mines Piyush Goyal in a written reply in Lok Sabha on Thursday said that a comprehensive scheme including Intra-State and Inter-State transmission system has been identified as a part of ‘Green Energy Corridors’. The German air agency KfW Germany is providing soft loan to be funded as 20% ...

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ISRO Launches PSLV-C36 Remote Sensing Satellite

In its 38th flight (PSLV-C36), ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle successfully launched the 1,235 kg RESOURCESAT-2A Satellite on Wednesday morning (December 07, 2016) from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota. After PSLV-C36 lift-off at 10:25 am IST from the First Launch Pad with the ignition of the first stage, the subsequent important flight events, namely, strap-on ignitions and separations, ...

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Climate Change: Rise in Temperature Bothers WMO Chief

In a new report analyzing the global climate between 2011-2015, the World Meteorological Organization – the United Nations system’s weather agency – found an increasingly visible human footprint on extreme weather and climate events with dangerous and costly impacts. This “hot and wild” weather meant that global ocean temperatures rose at unprecedented levels, Arctic sea ice coverage and mountain glaciers ...

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Vitamin B12 Deficiency Sensor Developed to Detect Dementia, Alzheimer Disease in Minutes

In old-age, the frequent occurrence of B12 deficiency could lead to dementia and even Alzheimer’s disease as the body metabolism fails to absorb the vitamin from the diet, requiring an early medical intervention. To help detect B12 deficieny early, Australia’s University of Adelaide researchers have developed a first of its kind optical sensor using a technique called Raman spectroscopy that ...

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RV College of Engineering to Conduct Uranium-Related Research in Karnataka

Board of Research in Nuclear Science has granted Rs.25 lakh to Bangalore=based RV College of Engineering for conducting research on spatial distribution of uranium and its impact on water in five districts of Karnataka. The grant for three years enables Bangalore’s No.1 engineering college to undertake the project entitled “Spatial distribution of Uranium and associated water quality parameters in Bangalore, Bangalore ...

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Nobel for Chemistry Goes to Molecular Machine Developers

This year’s Nobel Prize for Chemistry was awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to developers of molecular machines which will "most likely be used in the development of things such as new materials, sensors and energy storage systems". The developers who have been recognised for their research are Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa ...

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Nobel Prize Physics Goes to 3 US Scientists

The Nobel Prize in physics for 2016 has been awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on Tuesday with one half to David J. Thouless of University of Washington, Seattle, US and the other half to F. Duncan M. Haldane of Princeton University, US and J. Michael Kosterlitz of Brown University, Providence, US for theoretical discoveries of topological phase ...

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India’s Environment Activists Launch #NoMore50 Campaign

The launch of the #NoMore50 campaign calling for stronger and higher penalties for animal cruelty kicked off on Thursday, May 12 with several parliamentarians and celebrities joining hands for the campaign. The campaign includes a series of videos from Indian celebrities, including Usha Uthup, Sudesh Bhosle, Anup Jalota, Tara Sharma, Arman Mallik and others, urging the Ministry of Environment to ...

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India to Join 100 Other Nations to Ratify Paris Climate Pact on April 22

climate change

Reiterating India’s commitment to carbon emission reduction, Union Environment, Forests & Climate Change Minister Prakash Javadekar on Saturday said India, along with 100 other nations would ratify the COP 21 Global Climate Agreement on April 22. The pact, COP 21, reached at Paris summit in December 2015 would be ratified at a high level signing ceremony to be convened at ...

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Indian Origin Scientist Makes it to 36 NASA Fellows of 2016 Final List

NASA has selected 36 fellows for its prestigious Einstein, Hubble and Sagan fellowships, including one Indian called Dheeraj Pasham from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, who will conduct research on “Quest for the Elusive Intermediate-mass Black Holes”.   Dheeraj Pasham (“DJ”) received his Bachelor’s degree in Aerospace Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in 2004. He obtained his Ph.D. ...

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NASA Successfully Tests Mini Methane Sensor for Future Mars Exploration

A JPL mini methane gas sensor is flight tested on a small unmanned aerial system (sUAS) under a project to improve energy pipeline industry safety. The sensor enables methane detection with higher sensitivity than previously available for the industry in hand-carried or sUAS-deployable instruments.Credit: University of California, Merced

NASA researchers have developed a mini drone-like methane sensor that can fly and successfully tested it on a Vertical Take-off and Landing like any small unmanned aerial system (sUAS). The sensor, developed by JPL for use on Mars, will be used to detect methane with much higher sensitivity than previously available, especially in NASA’s next mission to Mars in 2018. ...

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NASA-Cassini Probe: Image of Titan’s Tallest Mountain Measuring 10948 Ft Mesmerizes

This radar view was obtained on May 12, 2008 by the Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, ESA. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASI

NASA’s Cassini probe mission has sent images of Saturn’s moon Titan showing some tallest mountains on its surface measuring more than 10,000 feet. The mountainous ridges called the Mithrim Montes showed three series of mountain ridges and the top measured 10,948 feet in height. Most of these mountain ridges are located near the equator. The region is called Xanadu. “It’s ...

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Ancient Extinct Human Species DNA Still Present in Melanesian Residents: Study

Scientists were surprised to find fragments of DNA of extinct human species in 35 people living in islands off New Guinea in Melanesian tribes. The DNA was traceable to two early human species: Denisovans, whose remains were found in Siberia, and Neandertals, first discovered in Germany. D. Andrew Merriwether, a molecular anthropologist at Binghamton University, collected the modern-day blood samples ...

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