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Water from thin air possible, Indian-origin scientist behind MIT’s new device

Sameer Rao/Wang/MIT

Getting water from air may sound magic to many but scientists from MIT, including an Indian-origin postdoc fellow, have succeeded to get drinkable water right out of the driest of desert air. Since some moisture is always present even in the most arid places on Earth, a practical way to extract that moisture remained the major challenge for many decades ...

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Delhi Police detain JNU Life Sciences Professor on Sexual Harassment Charges

sls

Atul Johri, a professor at JNU’s renowned School of Life Sciences was detained by Delhi Police after receiving complaints from female students accusing him of sexual harassment. On Friday, a group of women researchers from his lab, backed by the JNU Students Union, filed an FIR in Vasant Vihar police station stating that the professor used to call them to ...

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Chandrayaan-II update: Orbiter completes thermo-vacuum test

Chandrayaan-2, India’s second mission to the Moon, is a totally indigenous mission comprising of an Orbiter, Lander and Rover. It envisages complex tasks like soft-landing, Rover separation and movement on the lunar surface, in addition to operations of Orbiter, informed Minister Jitendra Singh in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha on Monday. Several new technology elements ...

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Australia Coral Reef Experiment Shows Acidification from CO2 stems growth

Ocean acidification will severely impair coral reef growth before the end of the century if carbon dioxide emissions continue unchecked, said new research on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef led by Carnegie’s Ken Caldeira and the California Academy of Sciences’ Rebecca Albright. Their work, published in Nature, represents the first ocean acidification experiment in which seawater was made artificially acidic by ...

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NASA finds towering storms in Tropical Cyclone Linda

Towering thunderstorms were found southeast of Tropical Cyclone Linda’s center when the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed overhead and analyzed the storm. Tropical cyclone Linda formed in the Coral Sea west of Vanuatu on March 12, 2018. Linda’s winds have increased slightly while the tropical cyclone moved toward the south-southwest.Tropical cyclone Linda had winds of about ...

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Japan scientist finds 1 out of 15 exoplanets habitable

exoplanet

Japanese astronomer team led by Teruyuki Hirano of Tokyo Institute of Technology has validated 15 exoplanets orbiting red dwarf systems and found one of them highly akin to Earth and habitable. It could be of particular interest as researchers describe it as a ‘super-Earth’, which could harbour liquid water, and potential alien life. One of them, K2-155 located around 200 light years ...

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Living in high altitudes? Beware of depression, suicide risks

Hilly areas like Himachal Pradesh or Uttarakhand or high-altitude cities such as Bangalore, Dehradun or Shimla may be picturesque and increase health and happiness but researchers have found recently that people living in the high-altitude areas are prone to depression and increased rates of suicide, due to decline in oxygen levels in their blood. Known as Chronic hypobaric hypoxia, the ...

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March 14 is Pi Day, here’s what’s JPL planning to do in sky

March 14 is Pi Day, a celebration of the beloved number known as pi. JPL is celebrating Pi Day with the fifth annual “Pi in the Sky” illustrated math challenge, featuring pi-related space problems that you can do at home. Pi is often abbreviated as 3.14 (which is why Pi Day is celebrated on March 14), but there are actually an ...

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Diamond impurities indicate water flows deep in Earth’s mantle too

A scientist from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, has discovered the first direct evidence that fluid water pockets may exist as far as 500 miles deep into the Earth’s mantle. Impurities in diamond have no value in the jewelry business but for UNLV geoscientist Oliver Tschauner and his colleagues, diamonds pushed up from the Earth’s interior had traces of ...

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‘Chameleon’ ocean bacteria can shift their colors

Cyanobacteria – which propel the ocean engine and help sustain marine life – can shift their colour like chameleons to match different coloured light across the world’s seas, according to research by an international collaboration including the University of Warwick. The researchers have shown that Synechococcus cyanobacteria – which use light to capture carbon dioxide from the air and produce energy for ...

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Veterinary surgeons perform first-known brain surgery on seal

A neurosurgical team at Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University has successfully performed what is believed to be a first-of-its-kind brain surgery on a Northern fur seal named Ziggy Star in an attempt to address her worsening neurologic condition. Ziggy, an adult female, is recovering well at her permanent home at Mystic Aquarium in Mystic, Connecticut. “The ability ...

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NOAA Satellite keeps an eye on US holiday travel weather

A satellite view of the U.S. on Dec. 22 revealed holiday travelers on both coasts are running into wet weather. A visible image from NOAA’s GOES-16 satellite showed systems affecting the Pacific Northwest, the Ohio and Tennessee Valleys and the areas from the southeastern U.S. to the Mid-Atlantic. NOAA’s GOES-East satellite provides infrared and visible data of the eastern half ...

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2017 top science news release breaks record

The most popular news release on EurekAlert! in 2017 is also the most-visited in the science-news service’s 21-year history. Attracting 898,848 views since April, the University of Central Florida release — describing an artificial photosynthesis process that cleans air while producing energy, complete with video — outperformed a 2012 announcement of trending releases from that year, which has clocked 886,820 visits in five years. Sunshine ...

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NASA captures image of Tropical Storm Kai-Tak moving over Philippines

NASA’s Aqua satellite provided infrared imagery of Tropical Storm Kai-Tak that revealed the western side of storm had moved into the southern and central Philippines. Infrared data revealed very cold cloud top temperatures with the potential for heavy rainfall. The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder aboard NASA’s Aqua satellite captured an infrared image of Tropical Storm Kai-Tak on Dec. 14 at 12:11 ...

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UTA discovery to make high-speed Internet cheaper

New research has proved how to dramatically reduce the cost and energy consumption of high-speed internet connections, making high-speed Internet much cheaper than now. Researchers from the University of Texas at Arlington and the University of Vermont have shown in their experiment that nonlinear-optical effects, such as intensity-dependent refractive index, can be used to process data thousands of times faster ...

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India, Japan to Send Joint Moon Mission Soon, Pact in 2 Months

TeamIndus rover

India and Japan will visit Japan jointly to bring back samples as part of their joint exploration mission. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) have already been working on it. This is the third moon trip for both the nations. ISRO Chairman and Secretary, Department of Space, A.S.Kiran Kumar, and JAXA president Naoki ...

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Human evolution was uneven, punctuated, due to Neanderthals?

Neanderthals survived at least 3,000 years longer than we thought in Southern Iberia – what is now Spain – long after they had died out everywhere else, according to new research published in Heliyon. The authors of the study, an international team from Portuguese, Spanish, Catalonian, German, Austrian and Italian research institutions, say their findings suggest that the process of modern ...

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Unusual bone chips in Feet of Clog-Wearing 19th-Century Dutch Farmers Found

Bio-archeologists have discovered a pattern of unusual bone chips in the feet of clog-wearing 19th-Century Dutch farmers — injuries that offer clues to the damage we may unwittingly be causing to our own feet. The unexpected prevalence of damage in the farmers’ foot bones is more than just an historical curiosity; researchers believe their findings provide new insights into how ...

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Madrid was Arid Savanna During Middle Miocene Period: Study

IMAGE: THIS IS AN IMAGE OF AN ARID SAVANNA DURING THE MIDDLE MIOCENE IN MADRID. CREDIT: MARCO ANSÓN The Central Iberian Peninsula was characterised by a very arid savanna during the middle Miocene, according to a study led by the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) that compares the mammal assemblages from different localities in Africa and South Asia with those that ...

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Artificial intelligence: Is this the future of early cancer detection?

A new endoscopic system powered by artificial intelligence (AI) has today been shown to automatically identify colorectal adenomas during colonoscopy. The system, developed in Japan, has recently been tested in one of the first prospective trials of AI-assisted endoscopy in a clinical setting, with the results presented today at the 25th UEG Week in Barcelona, Spain. AI-assisted endocytoscopy – how ...

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Teamwork makes the dream work?

Numbered jerseys effectively increase overall teamwork performance during cardiac arrest. In new research from CHEST 2017, a team from Montefiore Medical Center in New York aimed to create a team-driven atmosphere in the hospital and hypothesized that the use of personalized numbered jerseys for each member of the code team would help to improve teamwork and overall time to perform ...

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Rapid cellphone charging getting closer to reality

The ability to charge cellphones in seconds is one step closer after researchers at the University of Waterloo used nanotechnology to significantly improve energy-storage devices known as supercapacitors. Their novel design roughly doubles the amount of electrical energy the rapid-charging devices can hold, helping pave the way for eventual use in everything from smartphones and laptop computers, to electric vehicles ...

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First white-box testing model finds thousands of errors in self-driving cars

Researchers from Lehigh University and Columbia University have created DeepXplore, the first efficient testing approach for deep learning platforms used in self-driving cars, malware-detection and other systems. How do you find errors in a system that exists in a black box? That is one of the challenges behind perfecting deep learning systems like self-driving cars. Deep learning systems are based ...

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India’s Space Mission to Moon ‘Chandrayaan- II’ to be Launched in 2018

India’s Space Mission to Moon, “Chandrayaan-II”, will take place in 2018, most likely in the first quarter of the year, said the Union Minister of State Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh. Addressing the inaugural session of the 5-day Asian Conference on Remote Sensing here today, Dr Jitendra Singh said that India has today emerged as the world’s frontline ...

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Curve-eye-ture: How to grow artificial corneas

Scientists at Newcastle University, UK, and the University of California have developed a new method to grow curved human corneas improving the quality and transparency – solely by controlling the behaviour of cells in a dish. The research publishing today in Advanced Biosystems has revealed that corneal cells isolated from human donors and grown on curved surfaces arrange themselves in ...

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NJIT’s Kamalesh Sirkar wins coveted Award for Membrane Science and Technology Innovation

Kamalesh Sirkar, a chemical engineer acclaimed for his innovations in industrial membrane technology used to separate and purify air, water and waste streams and to improve the quality of manufactured products such as pharmaceuticals, solvents and nanoparticles, won the 2017 Alan S. Michaels Award for Innovation in Membrane Science and Technology. The award, given every three years by the North ...

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‘Seeing’ the other side of our galaxy

Astronomers have successfully traced a spiral arm on the far side of our Galaxy, an accomplishment that provides new insights into the structure of the Milky Way. Efforts to observe the far side of our Galaxy have been hampered by the vast distance and interstellar dust that blocks optical light from those regions. Here, Alberto Sanna and colleagues used radio ...

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Reducing racial bias in children

We tend to see people we’re biased against as all the same. They are “those people.” Instead of thinking of them as specific individuals, we lump them into a group. Now an international team of researchers suggests that one way to reduce racial bias in young children is by teaching them to distinguish among faces of a different race. The ...

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Burma’s Star Tortoise Makes a Comeback

The Burmese star tortoise (Geochelone platynota), a medium-sized tortoise found only in Myanmar’s central dry zone, has been brought back from the brink of extinction

The Burmese star tortoise (Geochelone platynota), a medium-sized tortoise found only in Myanmar’s central dry zone, has been brought back from the brink of extinction thanks to an aggressive captive-breeding effort spearheaded by a team of conservationists and government partners. Efforts to restore the tortoise are described in the latest issue of the peer-reviewed journal Herpetological Review. The tortoises now ...

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Nobel Prize for Physics, 2017 – Indian Connection

The 2017 Nobel Prize for Physics has been conferred to three scientists namely Rainer Weiss, Barry C Barish & Kip S Thorne under the LIGO Project for their discovery of gravitational waves, 100 years after Einstein’s General Relativity predicted it. The Nobel Prize for Physics 2017 celebrates the direct detection of Gravitational waves arriving from the merger two large Black ...

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