Home » SCIENCE » Ancient Viking World Had Women Army, Reveals Study
The drawing is a reconstruction of how the grave with the woman originally may have looked. CREDIT: Illustration by Þórhallur Þráinsson (© Neil Price)

Ancient Viking World Had Women Army, Reveals Study

War was not an activity exclusive to males in the Viking world, revealed a new study conducted by researchers at Stockholm and Uppsala Universities. Women could be found in the higher ranks at the battlefield, it said.

The study was conducted on the graves from the Viking Age that holds the remains of a warrior surrounded by weapons, including a sword, armour-piercing arrows, and two horses. There were also a full set of gaming pieces and a gaming board.

Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson, who led the study, explains: “What we have studied was not a Valkyrie from the sagas but a real life military leader, that happens to be a woman”.

“The gaming set indicates that she was an officer”, says Charlotte, “someone who worked with tactics and strategy and could lead troops in battle”. The warrior was buried in the Viking town of Birka during the mid-10th century. Isotope analyses confirm an itinerant life style, well in tune with the martial society that dominated 8th to 10th century northern Europe.

Anna Kjellström, who also participated in the study, said, “The morphology of some skeletal traits strongly suggests that she was a woman, but this has been the type specimen for a Viking warrior for over a century why we needed to confirm the sex in any way we could.”

No wonder, the archaeologists turned to genetics, to retrieve a molecular sex identification based on X and Y chromosomes. Such analyses can be quite useful according to Maja Krezwinska: “Using ancient DNA for sex identification is useful when working with children for example, but can also help to resolve controversial cases such as this one”. Maja was thus able to confirm the morphological sex identification with the presence of X chromosomes but the lack of a Y chromosome.

Jan Storå, who holds the senior position on this study, said: “This burial was excavated in the 1880s and has served as a model of a professional Viking warrior ever since. Especially, the grave-goods cemented an interpretation for over a century”. It was just assumed she was a man through all these years. “The utilization of new techniques, methods, but also renewed critical perspectives, again, shows the research potential and scientific value of our museum collections”.

 

Leave a Reply

x

Check Also

NASA gears up for May 5 Launch of InSight to touch down Mars

In the early morning hours of May 5, the historic first interplanetary launch of NASA’s ...

Mars cracks show water dried up 3.5 billion years ago on Red Planet

The recent discovery of cracks on the surface of Mars by NASA’s Curiosity rover last ...

Sperm samples for the Micro-11 experiment arrived at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, in Florida, where the researchers prepared them for launch to the International Space Station. Credits: NASA

Sperm being sent to ISS to see whether they squirm the same way in Space

Remember when you first learned about reproduction process in health class at school? Well, NASA ...

error: Content is protected !!